Essex wills – D

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Some wills have been transcribed in full, whereas others are a paraphrased transcription. If they are paraphrased, they contain the names of all those mentioned in the will, with the gist of what they were (or were not!) bequeathed, but to find the full details, such as the names of property, requests as to how they were to be buried etc., please contact the relevant archive.

Day, William of Langham, farmer, 1803

  • To kinsman Daniel Carver and his wife Sarah of Mile End (yeoman and
    William’s bailiff) all freehold and copyhold.
  • £100 each to John, Daniel and Abraham Carver, sons of Daniel and Sarah
    Carver when 21.
  • £100 to great-niece Martha Day (daughter of William’s nephew William
    Day and his wife Martha)
  • To Elizabeth Carver, William’s housekeeper: 4 shillings a week, a
    cauldron of coal each year, and the use of £25-worth of household
    goods for her natural life.
  • Remainder of household goods to Daniel and Sarah Carver.

Executors Daniel and Elizabeth Carver.

Witnesses William Francis, Sarah Rootsey, Saml. Willey

Written 22 May 1802. Died at Langham 8 Aug 1803. Proved 20 August 1803

ERO ref D/ABW 116/1/77

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Derehawghe [Derehaugh], Edward esq, of Markshall, 1598

  • Son William, executor
  • Wife Margaret
  • Son William to pay Margaret a £40 annuity “according to indentures betwixt me and John Holmesteede, wherein I and William stand bound for saving Holmesteede of the payment.”
  • Master Lightfoote, wife’s brother
  • Property in Markshall and Feering in Essex, and Gedgrave in Suffolk

Written 20 May 1598, probate 29 May 1598


Witnesses: Robert Plaile, John Grene

Transcriber’s notes: Edward Derehaugh esq was buried at Markshall on 25 May 1598, and his widow Margaret on 21 Feb 1603/4. His son Edward was buried there on 2 Feb 1595/6. His son William was buried in Orford in 1612, and he left a will. His memorial brass says he was the son of Edward Derehaugh of Markshall, and that he was 52 when he died – his baptism was at Great Bromley on 28 Jun 1561, William son of Mr Edward Deero, gent. William and Edward are both mentioned in the will of John Clippesby of Oby in Norfolk – John described William as his nephew, and Edward as his brother-in-law. John left William a silver pot “with the Derowes armes thereon.”

It is possible that Margaret wasn’t William’s mother and that Edward had been married before, to a Clippesby. Or that Margaret’s brother Lightfoote was her half-brother. John Clippesby’s mother Lettice married William Cardinall after the death in 1540 or 1541 of her first husband William Clippesby. One of William’s daughters, Faith, was Faith Derehaugh when she married Henry Appleton of South Benfleet in 1561 at Great Bromley. It isn’t clear from the visitations if Faith was Lettice’s daughter, or the daughter of William’s first wife, Joan Gurdon. If she was Lettice’s daughter, it would mean that John Clippesby’s half-sister had married a Derehaugh, but clearly she couldn’t have been Edward’s widow as he was still alive – she was presumably the widow of Edward’s brother or cousin, given that the name is so rare, and has since died out. Antiquary Richard Sympson recorded a lost brass at Great Bromley of William Derrhaughe aged 22 in 1562, showing a citizen with his wife and infant. Faith was presumably William’s widow when she married Henry Appleton. See Chancery document TNA C 3/55/6, Robert Derehawgh (plaintiff) and Henry Appleton, Faith Appleton his wife and another (defendants) regarding land near Orford in Suffolk.

The 1558 Essex Visitation for Essex shows Julian, daughter of William and Lettice Cardinall as the wife of Robert Deranger, son of Thomas – Deranger is possibly Derehaugh. But there is no trace of Julian in subsequent Essex visitations, and I wonder if Julian and Faith were in fact the same person. But I think the answer is that Julian was in fact married to Edward Derehaugh, not Robert, and that she was the mother of William Derehaugh. This would explain why William was baptised at Great Bromley, as it was where the Cardinalls lived. As Lettice’s daughter, Julian was John Clippesby’s half-sister, therefore creating the link which meant that William was John’s nephew and Edward was his brother-in-law. But why did John Clippesby own a silver cup with the arms of his brother-in-law on it?

Regarding Margaret, there is Chancery document TNA C 3/55/89, Edward Derehawghe (plaintiff) and John Lyghtfoote (defendant) concerns “marriage contract Marks Hall, Essex.” It is dated between 1558 and 1579, and must concern Edward’s marriage to Margaret. See the will of William Lightfoote, 1566/7, mentioning his brother John, and his sister “Colle” – Margaret’s first husband was a Cole.


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Dearhaugh, Margaret, widow of Markshall, 1604

  • Son Robert Cole, exec. To have all her property at Markshall in order to pay off her debts.
  • Son Andrew Clerke £5
  • Grandson Anthony Clarke, eldest son of son Andrew: £5
  • Grandson William Clarke, second son of son Andrew: £5. William was left land and tenements in the will of his uncle William Clarke. If he bargains or sells them, his legacy of £5 is void.
  • Grandson William Playle, second son of daughter Anne Playle: £5 if his cousin William Clarke sells his lands inherited from his uncle (above).
  • Grandson George Clarke, youngest son of son Andrew £5
  • Daughter Jane Gilberd: jewellery
  • Grandson Ambrose Gilberd, eldest son of daughter Jane £5 when 21
  • Grandson William Gilberd, second son of daughter Jane £5 when 21
  • Granddaughter Jane Gilbert, daughter of daughter Jane £10 when 21
  • Daughter Anne Plaile £5, to be paid in 20 shilling installments annually
  • Grandson John Clarke, eldest son of son Clement Clarke: some plate
  • Son-in-law William Cole: some jewellery
  • Money to servants

Witnesses: John Grene, William Stephens senior

Written 19 Sep 1601, probate 13 Feb 1603/4


Transcriber’s notes: Margaret was buried at Markshall on 21 Feb 1603/4. She was the widow of Edward Derehaugh. The William Clarke she mentions who left a will was her son, William Clarke of Gray’s Inn, whose PCC will was proved on 13 Oct 1589. Note that William mentions his sister Amy Playle, not Anne Playle. Edward’s brother Robert Derehaugh of Gray’s Inn was one of the executors.

Margaret is mentioned in her brother William Lightfoote’s 1566/7 will as his sister Colle. The will was written on 13 Oct 1566, so her marriage to Edward Derehaugh was presumably after that date. Given that her son William mentioned Derehaugh siblings in his will, written in 1588, Edward and Margaret must have married between 1566-1588.

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Dyer, John, yeoman of Frating, 1573

  • To be buried in the church at Frating
  • Four children: John, George, Elizabeth and Anne £10 each when 21
  • The child my wife is now with: £10 when 21
  • Executor: wife Anne, rest and residue
  • Witnesses: George Sefoulde, William Faier, [unnamed] wife of Neverde
  • “Which he afterwards recited to George Knightley, gentleman”

Written May 1573, probate 2 June 1573


Transcriber’s notes: see the notes accompanying the will of his sister-in-law, Lettice Hyll, who died in his house a month before him. John’s wife, Anne, was the daughter of Simon Hill and Elizabeth Knightley. George Knightley was Elizabeth’s brother (see his will, although he doesn’t mention any of the Hills), therefore the testator’s wife’s uncle. John and Anne also had a daughter called Lettice, but she isn’t mentioned in the will. She may have died a few days after her father, and her sister Anne before her, so it seems odd that Anne is in the will, but not Lettice. Then again, the burial register only gives their forenames and surnames, without giving any relationships, so it’s not entirely clear who was buried by those names. It could be, however, that someone else in either his family or his wife’s family had promised money to Lettice, so he didn’t feel it was necessary to leave her a legacy.

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