The Derehaughs and the East Bergholt Cardinalls

Mary Derehaugh, the eldest daughter of William Derehaugh of Markshall and his wife Mary Reynolds, was married twice. Her first marriage was to William Saxey. She walked down the aisle of St Gregory by St Paul in London on 29 December 1605. I haven’t been able to find out anything further about William Saxey, but he possibly lived in London. He had died in or before 1611.[1]Mary’s uncle, Robert Derehaugh of Gray’s Inn, wrote his will on 10 Oct 1611, and left money to his niece “Mary Saxcey”, a widow. Note that the PCC will of William Saxey, … Continue reading It’s not clear if they had any children, but it seemed they had died by the 1637.[2]Mary’s heirs mentioned in the probate to the will of her brother Robert Derehaugh are her two children from her second marriage.

But she was the bride for a second time on 25 January 1615/6 at St Mary Aldermary in London, when she married William Cardinall of East Bergholt, or “Est Barfould” as it’s spelled in the register.[3]He is unmarried on the 1612 Suffolk Visitation for Cardinall. Mary’s abode was St Martin’s-in-the-Fields, which suggests that her first husband lived in London, where she had continued to live. Or, who knows, she might have been staying with friends or family – when her sister Dorothy married in 1615, it was at St Martin’s-in-the-Fields.

Mary and William’s marriage may have come about due to her grandmother being a Great Bromley Cardinall – Julian Cardinall, Mary’s grandfather Edward Cardinall’s first wife. His brother William had married Julian’s sister (or half-sister), Faith. Mary’s husband was the son of another William Cardinall, and his wife Jane Maynard. Jane’s parents John – a clothier and alderman – and Alice Maynard are commemorated with brasses at Colchester St James’. Mary’s father-in-law had died by 1606.[4]The will of William Cardinall’s nephew, Stephen Burrowe/Burrough, written in 1606, mentions his “cousin Elizabeth Perse daughter of my uncle Cardynall deceased.” William’s grandparents were Stephen Cardinall and his first wife, Anne Grith.[5]Stephen died between 1568 and 1573 – he wrote his will on 19th April 1568, and it was proved on 26th October 1573. Stephen’s brother William Cardinall of Great Wenham (d1551) was the grandfather of Julian and Faith Cardinall.

Mary and William lived in East Bergholt and had at least two children – a son William, and a daughter Anne, born in about 1620. Mary had died by 1637[6]Mary’s husband describes himself as a widower in the probate, dated 15 Dec 1637. – and it seems she may have been the last of the Derehaughs. Her brother Robert had made her his sole legatee when he made his will in December 1615 because he was planning on a trip “beyond the seas”:

When I dye yf I doe not leave a will in writing I give all my estate to my sister Sexie or will that my sister Sexie have all my estate.

None of Mary’s brothers appear to have married or had children. Francis, the eldest, died in 1616, and his youngest brother James died in 1633. Robert, the second Derehaugh son, had died by 1637, when William probated his will. Mary had died by 1637, as William describes himself as a widower. The other Derehaugh daughter, Dorothy, had married, but I haven’t been able to trace her following that marriage. Without any Derehaughs left, Gedgrave Manor in Suffolk, which had been owned by the Derehaughs since 1541, passed to Mary, or her children.[7]Coppinger, in his Manors of Suffolk, gets the Derehaughs and Cardinalls somewhat muddled when he traces the ownership of Gedgrave Manor, saying that James’ sister Anne married William Cardinall … Continue reading

William, William and Mary’s son, wouldn’t live very long to enjoy Gedgrave Manor. He was killed at the Battle of Edgehill, one of the estimated 500 men killed on 23 October 1642. He was in his late teens or twenties. Anne became the sole heir of both her parents, coming into possession of Old Hall in East Bergholt from her father, and Gedgrave Manor in Suffolk.

Anne married Henry Parker in Holbrook in 1644. He was from the Ewarton Parkers, the second or third son (depending on which source you look at) of Calthrop Parker. Anne and Henry appear to have lived in East Bergholt, where they had the nine children who are named on Anne’s grave: William, Anna, Mary, Mercy, Henry, Elizabeth, Nathaniel, Calthorp, Philip.[8]Anne’s memorial is described in The East Anglian, vol XII, pg 311. The inscription on her grave is quoted in that article from the Fitch MSS as by the early 1900s, when H W Birch wrote their … Continue reading

She died on 2 November 1656, and Henry engraved Anne’s family details on her grave in East Bergholt’s church, and placed a memorial on the wall extolling Anne’s virtues in Latin, and placing five shields on it. The main arms show Parker with Cardinall “in pretence” – in other words, the shield is of the Parker’s arms, with the Cardinall arms smaller, placed in the middle, as Anne was the sole heir.[9]See the article in The East Anglian, mentioned above. These are the arms of the East Bergholt Cardinalls, described as “sable, a fess between three hinges.” So in other words, black with … Continue reading Then below, it showed the arms of Parker impaling Cardinall. And below that, were five more shields, which were illegible by the time they were recorded in the early 1900s. Perhaps among them there were the Derehaughs’ arms as well.

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Footnotes

1 Mary’s uncle, Robert Derehaugh of Gray’s Inn, wrote his will on 10 Oct 1611, and left money to his niece “Mary Saxcey”, a widow. Note that the PCC will of William Saxey, written in 1605 and proved in 1613, wasn’t him, as his widow was Elizabeth.
2 Mary’s heirs mentioned in the probate to the will of her brother Robert Derehaugh are her two children from her second marriage.
3 He is unmarried on the 1612 Suffolk Visitation for Cardinall.
4 The will of William Cardinall’s nephew, Stephen Burrowe/Burrough, written in 1606, mentions his “cousin Elizabeth Perse daughter of my uncle Cardynall deceased.”
5 Stephen died between 1568 and 1573 – he wrote his will on 19th April 1568, and it was proved on 26th October 1573.
6 Mary’s husband describes himself as a widower in the probate, dated 15 Dec 1637.
7 Coppinger, in his Manors of Suffolk, gets the Derehaughs and Cardinalls somewhat muddled when he traces the ownership of Gedgrave Manor, saying that James’ sister Anne married William Cardinall of East Bergholt, and that Anne’s husband died at the Battle of Edgehill.
8 Anne’s memorial is described in The East Anglian, vol XII, pg 311. The inscription on her grave is quoted in that article from the Fitch MSS as by the early 1900s, when H W Birch wrote their article, the grave was covered by the organ platform.
9 See the article in The East Anglian, mentioned above. These are the arms of the East Bergholt Cardinalls, described as “sable, a fess between three hinges.” So in other words, black with perhaps a line across the middle, two hinges above and below. This is different to the Cardinalls of Great Bromley, who had cardinal knots in their arms.